Xinjiang technology, art, culture see rapid growth: white paper
Source: Xinhua [17:10 March 17 2011]
Xinjiang's scientific and technological research as well as its art and cultural undertakings have developed by leaps and bounds, according to a white paper issued Monday by the Information Office of China's State Council.
The white paper, titled Development and Progress in Xinjiang, said that Xinjiang' s scientific pursuits did not really start up until after the People's Republic of China was founded in 1949.
Six decades of efforts have basically established a well-structured scientific research and development system and professional teams with high achievements to support regional scientific development, the white paper said.
By the end of 2007, a total of 1,972,000 professionals were working in Xinjiang, and by the end of 2008 these people had produced over 6,000 major scientific achievements, winning nearly 200 national awards and registering 200,000 patents.
Scientific and high-tech enterprises continue to explore an innovative development path, drawing global attention with well-known names such as Gold Wind Technology, TBEA and other companies.
Before 1949, the white paper said, Xinjiang had no professional arts groups or academic research organizations for arts.
In the past six decades, with extensive support from the government, arts and cultural facilities of all types have been established step by step, providing rich and colorful cultural activities to local communities.
Statistics show that the region had 119 arts and performance groups by 2008, two literature and art research institutes, two arts creation centers, 15 mass art galleries, 94 cultural centers, and 1,034 village and town cultural stations.
A total of 4,355 individuals became creative and performance professionals. The region has 93 public libraries and 47 museums. In addition, it has six radio stations and eight TV stations at the autonomous regional level, and 93.5 percent of the local population has access to radio and TV programs.
By 2008, households subscribing to cable TV services reached 1,638,900, while those with digital cable TV exceeded 324,200. Since the implementation of the western region development strategy, the state has invested a total of 2.484 billion yuan ($363.8 million) in developing Xinjiang' s cultural facilities.
According to the paper, in recent years, the Xinjiang government has initiated a series of cultural programs for the general public, including organizing cultural and recreation activities in city squares and rural villages.
The government also schedules professionals to go on tour to rural villages, publicizing cultural, scientific and medical knowledge. Public cultural construction projects have also boomed, introducing different cultures and promoting diverse folk cultures as well as Silk Road border cultures.
The government has also set up village libraries, and radio and TV stations all over the autonomous region, to connect local peoples with the rest of the world. Other key projects include sending books and publications to Xinjiang and constructing information centers to share resources with other areas of the country. "These measures have significantly promoted the development of Xinjiang' s cultural programs and endeavors," said the paper.