Basic facts of various ethnic groups
Source: Showchina [17:37 July 11 2009]
Han: With a population of nearly 1.2 billion, it forms the main body of the Chinese nation. The Han people inhabit most regions in China, but mainly live in the Yellow, Yangtze and Pearl river valleys. The Hanyu or Han Chinese is the common language of both the Hans and the majority of ethnic minorities.
Mongolian: Comprising 5.8139 million people, the former nomads now lead a settled life. Altogether 3.9952 million, or 68.7 percent of the total, live in Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region. Besides, Hebei, Liaoning, Jilin, Heilongjiang and Xinjiang all have Mongolian dwellers with a population of more than 100,000. The Mongolian people have their own spoken and written language.
Hui: The Hui is an Islamic group with a population of 9.8168 million. Among them, a total of 1.8625 million, or 18.9 percent, live in compact communities in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region. Provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities such as Beijing, Hebei, Inner Mongolia, Liaoning, Anhui, Shandong, Henan, Yunnan and Xinjiang also have a Hui population of more than 200,000.
Tibetan: Believing in Tibetan Buddhism, the group has a population of around 5.416 million, with 2.4272 million living in Tibet Autonomous Region. Also distributed in Sichuan, Gansu, Qinghai and Yunnan provinces, the Tibetan people have their own spoken and written language.
Uygur: The Uygur is an Islamic group with a population of more than 8.3984 million. A total of 8.3456 million, or 99.36 percent of China's Uygur population, live in Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region. The Uygur people use their own spoken and written language.
Miao: The group has a population of 8.9401 million, of which 48.1 percent lives in Guizhou Province. The Miao people also live in compact communities in Yunnan, Hunan, Hubei, Guangdong, Sichuan provinces, Chongqing municipality and Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, each with a population of more than 100,000. They have their own spoken and written language.
Yi: It is one of the oldest ethnic groups in China, with a population of 7.7623 million. The Yi people are mainly distributed in Yunnan, Sichuan and Guizhou provinces and in the northwest of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region. They have their own spoken and written language.
Zhuang: The largest ethnic minority group in China has a population of nearly 16.1788 million, with 14.2071 million, or 87.81 percent of the all, living in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region. In addition, each province of Yunnan and Guangdong has a Zhuang population of more than 100,000, and each of Guizhou, Hainan, Hunan and Hebei provinces has more than 10,000 Zhuang people. Besides their own spoken and written language, the Zhuang people also use the Han Chinese script.
Bouyei: The group has a population of 2.9715 million, with the majority of them inhabiting south Guizhou Province and the rest living scattered in Yunnan and Sichuan provinces and Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region. Besides their own spoken and written language, the Bouyei people also use the Han Chinese script.
Korean: The group has 1.9238 million people. The Koreans mainly live in the Yanbian Korean Autonomous Prefecture, Jilin Province, though they can also be found in Heilongjiang and Liaoning provinces and Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region. They have their own spoken and written language.